This paper will serve as an introduction to the concept of net neutrality and as a note to highlight the recent growing interest on this issue. We show that the standard principles organizing the functioning of the Internet, since its invention, are the main roots of neutrality that guarantee competition and innovation. Different perspectives in the net neutrality debate are discussed taking into account the changing uses and the growing traffic. Moreover, the key principles for policy decisions are identified and it is explained how regulation can preserve neutrality while allowing the commercialization of services and applications that are latency sensitive and bandwidth consuming.
Net neutrality; Internet; Regulation; Debate.
 ANRT (2016). Press release on IP telephony services, availablehttp://www.anrt.ma/lagence/actualites/communique-depresse-sur-les-services-de-telephonie-sur-ip
 Tim Wu (2003). “Network Neutrality, Broadband Discrimination”, Journal of Telecommunications and High Technology Law, vol. 2, p. 141, available at http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=388863
 Werbach, K. (2002). “A layered model for Internet policy”, Journal on Telecommunications and High-Tech Law, Vol.1, no.37, available at http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=648581
 Benkler, Y. (2000). “From consumers to users: Shifting deeper structures of regulation toward sustainable commons and user access”, Federal Communications Law Journal, Vol.52, No.3, available at http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/jbalkin/telecom/benklerfromco nsumerstousers.pdf
 Lessig, L. (1999). Code and Other Laws of Cyberspace, Basic Books; Lessig, L. (2001). The Future of Ideas: The fate of the commons in a connected world, Vintage Books.
 Solum, B., & Chung, M. (2003). The layers principle: Internet architecture and the law, Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper 55, University of San Diego School of Law, California.
 Lessig, L. (2005). L’avenir des idées, Presses de Lyon, 1ère Partie, Paragraphe 75 dans l’édition numérique des presses universitaires de Lyon.
 Isenberg, D. (1997). Rise of the stupid network : Why the intelligent network was once a good idea, but isn’t anymore, One telephone company nerd’s odd perspective on the changing value proposition, available at http://www.hyperorg.com/misc/stupidnet.html
 Sidak, J.G. (2006). Testimony of Sidak in opposition to net neutrality at a Senate Committee on Commerce, Science and Transportation hearing on February 7, 2006. Available at http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=942054
 Best, M.L., & Wade, K.W. (2007). “Democratic and antidemocratic regulators of Internet: a framework”, The Information Society, 23(5), 405-411.
 Lessig, L. (2006). Testimony at Senate Committee on Commerce, Science and Transportation hearing on “Net Neutrality”, available at http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CHRG109shrg30115/html/CHRG-109shrg30115.htm
 Rochet, J.C., et Tirole, J. (2003). “Platform Competition in two-sided markets”, Journal of the European Economic Association, Vol.1, n.4, pp. 990-1029; Rochet, J.C., et Tirole, J. (2006). Two sided markets: a progress report”, The RAND Journal of Economics, Vol.35, n.3, pp. 645-667, available at http://www.rchss.sinica.edu.tw/cibs/pdf/RochetTirole3.pdf
 FCC (2005). New Principles Preseve and Promote the Open and Interconnected Nature of Public Internet, FCC 05-151 (August 5, 2005), disponible sur https://apps.fcc.gov/edocs_public/attachmatch/DOC260435A1.pdf
 See www.assemblee-nationale.fr/13/pdf/rapports/r2989.pdf
 Federal Communications Commission (2010). Open Internet Order, FCC 10-201, adopted in December 21, 2010, available at https://apps.fcc.gov/edocs_public/attachmatch/FCC-10- 201A1.pdf
 FCC (2011). Preserving the Open Internet ; Final Rule, Federal Reg
[Kamal EL AGUEZ , Hafid BARKA , Nasr HAJJI (2016) Understanding the Net Neutrality Debate IJIREM Vol-3 Issue-2 Page No-80-84] (ISSN 2350 - 0557). www.ijirem.org
Kamal EL AGUEZ
Information Technologies Economics and Management Department, INPT Institute Rabat, Morocco